Amir Azarbad

How to refer to International Tribunal for Arbitration

Hello dear readers, in this post I am going to present some legal advisory guide about ” How to refer to International Tribunal for Arbitration “

We all know that in International Commercial contracts it is so popular that parties agree to refer their disputes to arbitration. Some times they choose wrong arbitration clause or they do not know how to refer their disputes to the arbitration if there is no arbitration clause.

Amir Azarbad - International trade lawyer in Iran
Iranian Commercial lawyer –  Amir Azarbad
  • Ways to refer a contractual disputes to arbitration


Generally, there are three ways to refer a International Commercial Dispute to a Arbitration Center.

As what the ACIC ( Arbitration Center of Iran Chamber of Commerce, Industrial and Mines, has written in its arbitration rules, submission of dispute may be done through either ways;

1- Separate arbitration agreement.

2-Arbitration clause in underlying contract. and

3- Actual submission by the claimant and acceptance by the respondent.

These ways are the same for International Tribunals around globe. To ask a arbitral center to hear disputes it is going to be better to take a look on the center’s site or it’s regulations.

For the first two ways, as there is binding agreement for arbitration, the Arbitration Centers surely have jurisdiction, but about the last one, because there is no binding agreement between parties for arbitration, arbitration Centers have to have the respondent acceptance, clearly or implied.

Amir Azarbad – Attorney at Law in International Commercial Disputes.

Amir Azarbad

Persist in mentioning our own law as governing law in Contract

I, as an International Commercial contract consultant , usually see how both lawyers of parties persist in mentioning their own country law as governing law for Intl.contracts they are drafting.

Do they think the their own country law will be prefect for the contract or they prefer mentioning that’s why they don’t know the law of the other party?

Some times,  the laws of country of one party will not protect his/her profits but the law of country of another.

I think first Question every lawyer drafting Intl. Contract have to answer is: which law can protect better my client benefits?

So, the main lesson every Intl. Lawyer  drafting Intl. Commercial Contract should learn:  the prefect law can not be our country law in probability. so, need not all be true your own country law can protect your benefits.

Amir Azarbad.

International Trade Consultant – Lawyer , PhD Candidate & Teacher of International Commercial Contract.

Attorney at law in Iran

Advocacy in Arbitration Canters of Iran

Hello –

As we know, nowadays more than 95% of international commercial disputes are referring to arbitration.

it is so popular with Intl. commercial Lawyers to find a creditable Arbitration Center if they intend to mention Arbitration Clause. So,  it is good to know that Iran has several great arbitration center like ACIC (Arbitration Center of Iran Chamber).

ACIC was established in 3 February 2002 by virtue of a specific piece of law called “The Law on Auricles of Association of ACIC” as approved by the parliament of Iran. ACIC is organized as an affiliate to the Iran Chamber of Commerce but enjoys independent legal personality. ACIC is the first Iranian independent arbitration institution established for the purpose of settlement of both domestic and international disputes through arbitration or conciliation.

Submission of the disputes to ACIC may be through either ways:

  1.  Separate arbitration agreement ;
  2. Arbitration clause in the underlying contract, and
  3. Actual submission by the claimant and acceptance by the respondent

Amir Azarbad as Commercial Lawyer in Iran. he is specialist in Commercial Disputes.

Amir Azarbad’s international law office provides International and domestic and also foreign companies with specialized services in the areas of Foreign Investment, Drafting International Commercial Contracts, Litigation in Court and Arbitration Tribunal, Intellectual property legal cases and registration , company law and all legal advisory services a commercial entity needs.

Amir Azarbad is an attorney at law in Iran from 2007 to date, ranked 27 in the Central Bar Association accepted and has expertise in law of International trade, this law office supports domestic and international commercial contracts, and gives international trade advisory services.

We, as specialist in Intl. Trade, provide you with legal advisory services and we are ready to be your attorney in Arbitration center and Judicial Courts.

We can also draft International Commercial Contract between you and Iranian Companies and legal supervise on performance of Commercial contract.

Amir Azarbad-

Iranian Attorney in Iran & Ph.D Candidate

Amir Azarbad

Commercial Lawyer in Iran

Hello –

In Iran, Legal advisory services and lawyers are not classified according to expert knowledge legally, but in practice, some  attorneys make effort to work and study in specific expert, because these days, an attorney can not be expert in all aspects of law.

an Commercial lawyer, an attorney  working and studying Domestic & International commercial law, have to know all law aspects of commerce in Iran. like law of company , law of contract , Arbitration including domestic and international expert and export affairs , Banking law and other commercial law matters which is necessary to make a commercial contract safe.

Commercial Lawyer in Iran has to be expert in negotiation and providing international commercial contracts. Commercial Lawyer in Iran have to be expert in Arbitration and Legal Procedure that is why he/she have to set articles of a contract according to what arbitrators issues awards based on.

International Law Office Amir Azarbad , Iranian attorney at law , working and teaching international commercial contracts in Tehran, giving all international and domestic commercial services. like attending commercial meeting for providing contract , Providing International Contracts , Legal Consulting , Legal Supervising and controlling international commercial contract (long term contracts or short term) , litigation in Arbitration Centers  in Iran or Abroad or Judicial Court of Iran.

All Legal Services of International Office of Amir Azarbad are given in Iran or abroad.

you can also see other posts in this website , like Commercial Disputes , General Commercial Regulation of Iran , Interpretation of International Commercial Contracts , Preparing International Contracts

Amir Azarbad – Iranian Attorney at Law

Ph. D candidate and teacher of International Commercial Contracts

Attorney at law in Iran

Lawyer in Iran

Lawyers in Iran, like all around the world deals with Legal issues, advocacy in Courts, Arbitration Canters and provide their clients with legal advisory services.

Law offices of Amir Azarbad, Iranian lawyer, will give all legal advisory in Commercial law, company law, Advisory and drafting International commercial contracts like sale of good, joint venture, arbitration services, advocacy in Iranian courts or Arbitration center and legal advise to foreign company.

Iranian laws on commercial affairs consist of so many issues, link for more details on Iranian laws:

Amir Azarbad, specialist in domestic and International commercial affairs, can be your lawyer in Iran.

Commercial Attorney in Iran, Amir Azarbad.